New construction for a fresh farm is an opportunity to setup your water situation efficiently the first time. If you're working a small farm of maybe 40 acres, you'll still have to deal with the arm, leg and back pain as you carry containers around. Driving around the farm in a truck uses gas that isn't always at the best price point. To transfer some of the wasted effort and fuel to a more efficient form, consider a few ways that some pipes, pumps and a modest electric bill could serve you better.
Hose And Pump Placement
The goal is to get water from one part of the property to another using hoses and hydraulic pumps. You don't need a lot of power for most of the pumps, but the first pump at the source well needs to be strong enough to bring water from underground sources to the surface.
The good news is that the cheapest well pumps on the market--1/2 horsepower pumps--are enough to make water move. This pump guide details the amount of water that moves through the pump per minute (gallons per minute or gpm) from a given depth with a given horsepower. There's no bad news, but you'll need to do a bit of comparing and asking questions to get the right amount of water flowing.
You'll need a pump that can deliver the amount of water you want at any given time. If you're just watering plants down the field, you only need to know how much water is needed to keep water flowing down the field until it reaches the plants or another pump.
If you're using water in bulk at another location, the power of your pump determines how fast you can fill containers. The higher the horsepower, the more water you'll be able to get in a shorter amount of time. As every farm is different, speak with a well pumps professional to discuss your specific well depth and filling requirements.
Additional Pump And Well Placement
There are times when you need water to go down a long distance to be tapped at a few specific areas. It's up to you to decide which investment is necessary, but here are a few things to think about.
How much will a well cost versus the number of smaller, less expensive pumps? If you're just watering a field and need two or three pumps to get to the other side, a few low-cost pumps will barely affect your electrical bill (or fuel cost, if you choose a diesel or gas pump). The cost of pumps will eventually add up, and it may be easier to just dig another well and add another pump that's strong enough to send water to the desired area.
You'll also need to think about pump maintenance. The pumps can eventually become clogged or wear out from years of service, while a single pump at a well is less effort to maintain. Keep in mind that you may not have easily accessible water in all parts of your property, so a single area of wells with distant pumps may be your only choice.
Contact a well pumps and water treatment professional—like those at Valley Drilling Corporation of VA and other locations—to discuss what your property needs for the best water management.